- 46 pages
- Candide ou l'Optimisme
- 11 January 2018 Voltaire
En Esta Celebre Fantasia Filosofica, El Joven Candido, Discipulo Del Doctor Pangloss A Su Vez Discipulo De Leibniz, Filosofo Del Optimismo Sufre El Infortunio De Creer Que El Nuestro Es El Mejor De Todos Los Mundos Posibles Tras Numerosas Desventuras, Se Retira Junto A Sus Companeros A Orillas De La Propontide, En Donde Descubre Que El Secreto De La Felicidad Reside En Cultivar Nuestro Huerto Candido, Quizas El Relato Mas Famoso De Voltaire, Es Una Novela De Aprendizaje, Y Su Heroe Un Optimista Que Cree A Pies Juntillas Que El Mundo Es Un Paraiso, A Pesar Que, Desde La Primera Linea, La Realidad Se Encarga De Negarlo La Estructura Tiene Un Hilo Conductor Claro El Viaje Los Vientos De La Vida Llevan De Aqui Para Alla A Candido, Convertido En Un Juguete Del Destino Que Recorre Un Mundo Estragado Por Catastrofes Naturales, Por Designios Humanos Y, Sobre Todo, Por Las Religiones.Voltaire Ataca, Con Ironia Y Sarcasmo, La Intolerancia, El Fanatismo, Los Abusos De La Colonizacion Europea En America, Los Enganos Y Artificios Candido, O El Optimismo Titulo Original En Frances Candide, Ou L Optimisme Es Un Cuento Filosofico Publicado Por El Filosofo Ilustrado Voltaire En 1759 Voltaire Nunca Admitio Abiertamente Ser El Autor De La Controvertida Novela, La Cual Esta Firmada Con El Seudonimo Monsieur Le Docteur Ralph Literalmente, El Senor Doctor Ralph Francois Marie Arouet, Tambien Conocido Como Voltaire, Escribe En Esta Obra El Curso De Su Vida Por Razones Obvias, No Es Una Autobiografia Sin Embargo, Si Se Analiza La Evolucion Psicologica Del Heroe Candido Y Se Compara Con La Evolucion De Su Autor, Se Puede Concluir De Que Este Ultimo Refleja En El Libro Su Carrera Como Filosofo, Desde Mondain, Que Fue Su Primera Obra, En La Que Hace Gala De Bastante Optimismo, Hasta Candido, Su Ultima Obra, Donde Demuestra Su Pesimismo Moderado Cita Requerida Este Pesimismo Se Basa En La Tesis De Voltaire Il Faut Cultiver Notre Jardin Hay Que Cultivar Nuestro Jardin Con Esto Se Refiere A Que El Mundo Tal Cual Nunca Cambiara, Y Que Es Imposible Cambiarlo, Pero Si Nos Preocupamos De Lo Que Nos Rodea Mas Intimamente, Podemos Hacer Por Lo Menos Nuestra Vida Mas Prospera Desde Un Punto De Vista Sardonico, La Obra Sigue Las Peripecias Del Protagonista Candido En Su Primer Encuentro Con El Precepto Del Optimismo Leibniziano De Que Todo Sucede Para Bien En Este, El Mejor De Los Mundos Posibles Y En Una Serie De Aventuras Subsecuentes Que Refutan De Forma Dramatica El Famoso Precepto A Pesar Del Obstinamiento Con El Que El Personaje Se Aferra A Este.
1694, Age of Enlightenment leader Francois Marie Arouet, known as Voltaire, was born in Paris Jesuit educated, he began writing clever verses by the age of 12 He launched a lifelong, successful playwriting career in 1718, interrupted by imprisonment in the Bastille Upon a second imprisonment, in which Francois adopted the pen name Voltaire, he was released after agreeing to move to London There he wrote Lettres philosophiques 1733 , which galvanized French reform The book also satirized the religious teachings of Rene Descartes and Blaise Pascal, including Pascal s famed wager on God Voltaire wrote The interest I have in believing a thing is not a proof of the existence of that thing Voltaire s French publisher was sent to the Bastille and Voltaire had to escape from Paris again, as judges sentenced the book to be torn and burned in the Palace Voltaire spent a calm 16 years with his deistic mistress, Madame du Chatelet, in Lorraine He met the 27 year old married mother when he was 39 In his memoirs, he wrote I found, in 1733, a young woman who thought as I did, and decided to spend several years in the country, cultivating her mind He dedicated Traite de metaphysique to her In it the Deist candidly rejected immortality and questioned belief in God It was not published until the 1780s Voltaire continued writing amusing but meaty philosophical plays and histories After the earthquake that leveled Lisbon in 1755, in which 15,000 people perished and another 15,000 were wounded, Voltaire wrote Po me sur le d sastre de Lisbonne Poem on the Lisbon Disaster But how conceive a God supremely good Who heaps his favours on the sons he loves, Yet scatters evil with as large a hand Voltaire purchased a chateau in Geneva, where, among other works, he wrote Candide 1759 To avoid Calvinist persecution, Voltaire moved across the border to Ferney, where the wealthy writer lived for 18 years until his death Voltaire began to openly challenge Christianity, calling it the infamous thing He wrote Frederick the Great Christianity is the most ridiculous, the most absurd, and bloody religion that has ever infected the world Voltaire ended every letter to friends with Ecrasez l infame crush the infamy the Christian religion His pamphlet, The Sermon on the Fifty 1762 went after transubstantiation, miracles, biblical contradictions, the Jewish religion, and the Christian God Voltaire wrote that a true god surely cannot have been born of a girl, nor died on the gibbet, nor be eaten in a piece of dough, or inspired books, filled with contradictions, madness, and horror He also published excerpts of Testament of the Abbe Meslier, by an atheist priest, in Holland, which advanced the Enlightenment Voltaire s Philosophical Dictionary was published in 1764 without his name Although the first edition immediately sold out, Geneva officials, followed by Dutch and Parisian, had the books burned It was published in 1769 as two large volumes Voltaire campaigned fiercely against civil atrocities in the name of religion, writing pamphlets and commentaries about the barbaric execution of a Huguenot trader, who was first broken at the wheel, then burned at the stake, in 1762 Voltaire s campaign for justice and restitution ended with a posthumous retrial in 1765, during which 40 Parisian judges declared the defendant innocent Voltaire urgently tried to save the life of Chevalier de la Barre, a 19 year old sentenced to death for blasphemy for failing to remove his hat during a religious procession In 1766, Chevalier was beheaded after being tortured, then his body was burned, along with a copy of Voltaire s Philosophical Dictionary Voltaire s statue at the Pantheon was melted down during Nazi occupation D 1778.Voltaire 1694 1778 , pseud nimo de Fran ois